初中英语学习的60个必备句型!不再担心英语作文

初中英语学习,语法、词汇和短语都很重要,但有一项很容易被大家忽视,那就是句型的学习。

掌握一些核心、常用句型,对于英语学习和考试可以起到事半功倍的效果,尤其写作文的时候,就不会发愁句子该怎么写了!

特别整理,初中英语学习的60个必备句型,及对应例句,供学习参考——

句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/时间状语

There’s a book on the desk.

桌上有本书。

句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?

What’s wrong with you?

你怎么了?

句型3:How do you like…?

How do you like Nanjing?

你觉得南京怎么样?

句型4:What do you like about…?

What do you like about Nanjing?

你喜欢南京什么?

句型5:had better(not)+动词原形

You’d better have a rest.

你最好休息一下。

句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语! ; What a/an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!

How beautiful the girl is !

这个姑娘真漂亮!

What an interesting book it is!

多有趣的一本书呀!

句型7:Thank+sb. +for (doing) sth.

Thank you for helping me.

感谢你帮我。

句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语

He is a doctor. So am I.

他是一个医生,我也是。

句型9:… not … until …

He didn’t do his homework until his mother came back.

直到他的父母回来他才写作业。

句型10:比较级+and+比较级

It rained harder and harder.

雨越下越大。

句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级

The more careful you are ,the fewer mistake you will make.

越仔细,越少犯错。

句型12:… as +adj./ adv.+as … ; …not as/so+adj/adv. +as…

Noting is as important as passion.

没有什么跟激情一样重要。

Last Sunday the weather was not so hot as it is today.

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气炎热。

句型13:more/ less +adj.+than…

I think art is more interesting than music.

我认为艺术比音乐更有趣。

句型14:stop sb/sth from doing sth.

The Great Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。

句型15:both … and …

Both you and I are doctors.

我和你都是医生。

句型16:either … or…

Either you or he is right .

不是你对就是他对。

句型17:neither … nor …

Neither he nor I am a doctor.

我和他都不是医生。

句型18:… as soon as …

As soon as we were inside, the rain began to bucket down.

我们刚进屋,大雨便倾盆而下。

句型19:… so+adj. / adv.+that …

I was so tired that I didn’t want to have a supper.

我累得连晚饭也不想吃了。

句型20:Though…+主句

Though he is rich, his life is not happy.

他虽然很有钱,但生活并不幸福。

句型21:be going to do sth

I am going to do my homework after go home.

我回家将要做作业。

句型22:be different from

The weather in winter is different from that in spring.

冬天的天气和春天不一样。

句型23:Welcome(back) to…

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

句型24:have fun doing

You will have fun reading about the world we live in.

你会通过阅读了解我们生活中的世界。

句型25:… because … / …,so …

I don’t buy it because it was too expensive.

我没有买因为太贵了。

句型26:Why don’t you do… = Why not do…

Why don’t you want to swim?

你为什么不想学游泳?

句型27:make it

No matter how hard it is, I will make it one day.

无论多难,总有一天我会成功的。

句型28:have nothing to do

I don’t care for the man who I have noting to do with.

我不关心那个与我无关的人。

句型29:be sure that… ; be sure of/ about sth. ;be sure to do sth.

I think so, but I’m not sure.

我想是这样,但我不敢确定。

I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone.

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

句型30:between … and …

There is a supermarket between the hospital and the school.

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家超级市场。

句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj/doing/介词短语/adv

You must keep your room clean.

你们必须保持房间干净。

Sorry to have kept you waiting.

对不起,让你久等。

Can you keep her in the room ?

你能让她在这个房里吗?

Keep them there.

让她们在那儿呆着。

句型32:find +宾语+宾补

He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

句型33:… not … any more/ longer

The old man doesn’t travel any more.

这位老人不再旅行了。

He isn’t a thief any longer.

他不再是个贼。

句型34:What’s the weather like…?

What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

你们家乡春天天气怎么样?

句型35:There is no time to do sth;sb have no time to do sth

There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。

I have no time to go home for lunch.

我没有时间回家吃午饭。

句型36:Help oneself to…

Help yourself to some fish.

吃鱼吧!

句型37:used to do sth

I used to read this kind of story books.

我过去常读这种故事书。

句型38:borrow … from…

I borrowed an English book from him.

我从他那借了一本英语书。

句型39:lend sb. sth.= lend sth. to sb.

He lent me a story book=He lent a story book to me.

他借我一本故事书。

句型40:have been to…

Have you ever been to CHINA?

你曾去过中国吗?

句型41:have gone to…

Where’s he?He’s gone to China.

他在哪儿?他去中国了。

句型42:be famous for…

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

句型44:be afraid of / to do / that…

I’m afraid not.

恐怕不能。

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

句型45:… as … as possible;… as … as sb can

I hope to see him as soon as possible.

我希望能尽快见到他。

He ran here as fast as he could.

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing

A young man practised speaking English with Mr Brown.

一个年青人和布朗先生练习说英语。

Tom enjoys playing football very much.

汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

He finished reading the story book.

他看完了那本故事书。

句型47:It’s said that …

It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。

句型48:Not all / everyone …

Not all birds are alike.

并不是所有的鸟都一样。

句型49:be based on

His argument is based on facts.

他的论断是以事实为根据的。

句型50:… so that …

They got up early so that they could catch the eraly bus.

为了能赶上早班车,她们早早就起床了。

句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years…+long / wide / deep / high / old…

The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.

绿色长城长7000公里。

The river is about 2 metres deep.

这条河大约有2米深。

The boy is about 12 years old .

这个男孩约12岁。

句型52:keep … from doing

The heavy rain kept us from starting out.

大雨阻止了我们出发。

句型53:with one’s help…

With your help,I’ve come to Nanjing to study further. 在你的帮助下,我来南京深造。

句型54:I don’t think …

I don’t think any of them is important.

我不认为他们中任何一个是重要的。

句型55:What’s the population of …?

What’s the population of Nanjing ?

南京人口有多少?

句型56:prefer to do … rather than do

They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。

句型57:be worth (doing) …

This book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。

句型58:regard … as…

We regard him as a real friends of us.

我们把他看做一位真正的朋友。

句型59:be confident of

He is confident of getting the first place.

他对拿第一有信心。

句型60:be angry with / about / at(doing)

We are all very angry with ourselves.

我们都很生自己的气。

I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。

I was angry at being kept waiting.

这样一直等我很生气。

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